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ORAL HISTORY INTERVIEW 


Vickers, Amil 1 Full Tape + Part of 2nd 
Vickers, Steve & Helen Balance of 2nd Tape 


VICKERS, AMIL 

00 Not many Serbs in Sac 
some 64th 
Spread all over 

12 'Women canneries, men 
S.P. shops 
1910's 

20 "’Father Trebinje, 
mother Nicsic 

30 Vickers Mkt. - Alhambra 
+ S - 1938 
Details 

46 Again, no central 
location of pop. 

55 D.P. camps sent people, 
family sep. 

More Serbs now than ever 

74 Serbian nationalism 

80 Politics, religion, 
church 

84 1963 schism in church 

39-62 bishop (only one 
in West Hem.) in 
America ran things 
his way 

105 War + post-war prevented 
church from dealing 
with problems 

130 Bishop, deal, politics 

173 About 1/3 are schismatic 
1977 

Free S.O. church of U.S. 

+ Canada 

They have St. Sava's in 
Jackson, but they're 
trying to play neutral 
.$4 mill in legal fees so far 


213 St. Savas 1894 

217 Church in Sacto belongs 
to parishioners, not 
diocese 

238 They use Syrian camp in 
Frazier Park instead 
of St. Savas 

248 Organizations, United 

Slavonic Alliance, Sokol 
(see Zornjak-Dir) World's 
Fair in S.F. , Blato, 
Korcula, Am-Slavic Hall - 
mid 50's, joint picnics, 
going to build Slavic hall 

320 Serb parish organized 1952 

Vidovdan 6/28/1389 (Kossovo) 
Folklore + nationalism 

355 SNF (Sveza's Federation) 

370 Sjedinnje Slav D of D - 
mostly Cro. 

Disbanded 1982 - disbursed 
remaining funds among 
35 members left 

390 Last Pres, Joe Antisovich 

408 Family history, name changes 

427 Am-Slav Hall @ 200 + members, 
some Serbs, etc. 

270 Kolo group 

Radinich, ref to Cossich 
Cossichs Chaffless coffee 
3 Bros. - Croatian 

500 Saveza (Serb) Zajednica (Cro) 
1st Serb Ben. Soc. S.F. 

Own Kolma Cem. 



2 


Oral History Interview (continued) 

Amil Vickers and Steve & Helen Vickers 


525 Business details @ 
church on Sunset 

545 20-25 thousand pop. 

20 to 1 ratio Cro to 
Serb 

555 United Slav men's + 
women's societies 

Big in Am-Slav, ladies 
lodge 

Still going 

570 1952 - 25 people most 

D.P.'s 

Organized parish 

580 Cro. Cath. Ch. 17 + T 

Bishop gave them a 
priest 

Am-Slav looking for a 
hall 

Didn't want religious 
connotation 

Sell that lot for hall 
but it'd already sold, 
would have given them 
property near CSUS but 
would have been named 
after a saint, so they 
didn't get anything 

645 High school across stree 
caused vandalism 
problems 

(Sold $225K cash) 

680 150 church members, 90 

live more than an 
hour from Sac 

Hold a membership, send 
dues, get bulletin 

710 Local businesses 

728 Religion + marriage, 
orthodox religious 
services same but for 
languages, share some 
services 

Orthodoxy unchanging 

Church history 


795 Ecumenical Council (785) 

Rome was furthest away 
1064 break patriarch of 
Constantinople was 1st 
among equals, mutual ex- 
communication. Just re¬ 
cently (-16/18) years 
mutually forgave the 
excommunications 

909 No local cemetery 

00 New tape 

05 Odbrana - Serb National 
Defense 

Remnant of groups who went 
back to help fight the 
Austrians 

17 Kumovi - many kinds, must 
have Kum to be baptized, 
one Kum for all occasions, 
can't intermarry with 
Kum's family in the old 
days 

"proxy Kums" 

Slava - Saint Day in S.O. 
church christianized by 
Greek missionaries 

Patron saint of family 

73 Slava procedure 

80 Serbian identity - all 
Serbs have a Slava 

100 Local organizations (Jednote 
90% Lican) 

50/80 Ortho/Cath in Lika 

Most massacres in WW II 

140 Covic, Corinich both were 
WW I volunteers fighting 

J Austrians 

Covic was Hrvat 

150 More organizations - Ljubica 
club 

Mostly Am. born like a 
sorority members 



3 


Oral History Interview (continued) 

Amil Vickers and Steve & Helen Vickers 


185 

Druids had a 
president 

Cro. 

200 

Building the 

church 

213 

John Filcich 

, national 


culture 


John wasn't a D.P. or 
a refugee 


245 

Church politics 

610 

END 



630 

VICKERS 

STEVE 

(VUKAJOVICH) 

& HELEN 

682 

301 

Steve 1/8/1895 to 

U.S. 6/1913 Montana 
to Cal. 3/22/1927 

700 

730 


(Jackson) 

Cousin in Jackson 
Lunch - RosemonGrill, 


George Lucich 
Raised close to 
Dubrovnik 

She - Vucorovic, Helen 
Nicsic (Montenegro) 
7/1/1894 

Great Falls, Montana 
visit uncle 
Married 7/1/1919 
Changed name to 

Vickers for business 

460 Family + relatives 

470 To Sac 4/17/1938 

Strike caused them to 
move, 'cause he didn't 
take sides 


Organized '52 
Bought land '58 
United Slavs Club 
Bishop said there were 
non-Catholics so they 
couldn't do it + never 
saw the money, separated 
post-war D.P.'s separatists 

Massacres in WW II 
Pope Gregory 1054 

Businesses/more church bus. 
Vickers mkt. 

Farm at 4448 Edison Avenue 

Kumovi, responsibilities 

Serbian history + Montenegro 
1862 Father took to the hills 
came down in 1878 when 
Austria took over 
Spoke Italian, trans to 
Spanish, got Mexican 
trade 

Business dropped 75% 
during strike 
Ladies in cannery work, 

Libby, DelMonte, 

Richards 


END TAPE 


499 Mostly Croattans, 
organized club, 
parish, etc. 

Slavonic Hall Associa¬ 
tion 

Serbs + Croats together 
2nd Serbian Defense 
Start church instead 
Details of buying church 
Church was prot. before - 
Holy Rollers? 



SACRAMENTO ETHNIC COMMUNITIES SURVEY 


Oral History Interview 
with Steve Vickers 
June 8, 1984 


00:00 Introduction 

01:15 Biographical information 

Born: Trebinje, Yugoslavia January 8, 1895 
Fa: IIja Vukasovich 

Mo: Joka Crnogorats (previously Erakovich) 

02:00 [Tape Paused at Request of Narrator] 

02:45 Came to Sacramento in 1938 


03:00 Mrs. Vickers 

Born: Niksic July 1, 1894 



Fa: 

Mo: 

Antho Vurturovich 
Sana N/A 


05:30 

To U.S. 

June 27, 1913 


05:45 

Background to emigration 


06:30 

Came to Great Falls, Montana 
Mrs. Vickers came to U.S. in 

1913 

1914 


to visit her uncle in Great Falls, 
married and stayed 

08:00 To Jackson in 1929 on a visit, decided to stay 
Stayed in Jackson to have a church for the kids 

10:00 Effect of miners' strike on Jackson 

11:00 Forced to leave Jackson as a result of the strike 

12:00 No Serbian organizations in Sacramento in 1938 
Serbian parish organized in his home 

15:00 Serbs in S.P., restaurants, canneries 
No Serbian neighborhood 

16:30 Sold market, moved to farm on Edison Avenue in 1949 



Oral Interview - Steve Vickers 


-2- 


June 8, 1984 


18:00 

22:00 

25:00 

26:00 

28:00 

29:30 

30:00 

Side B 
00:00 

02:00 

04:00 

05:00 

07:00 

08:30 

09:00 

10:00 

11:00 


Background to church organization 
land acquisition, etc. 

Organized in 1952, bought land in 1958 
First Serbian priest in 1956 

Post-WW II emigration 

Schism in Serbian Orthodox Church 

Changes in City of Sacramento since 1938 

Changes in occupations & backgrounds of local Serbians 

Still no distinct Serbian neighborhood 

Family details, children, etc. 

Political background to emigration 
Primary motivation was economic 
Austrian domination of Serbia 

Effect of the formation of Yugoslavia, history of Serbia 
Restaurants, etc. 

National newspaper for Serbs, not local 
U.S. citizen in 1922 
Raised in Dubrovnik 
Biographical details on parents 
Relates story of finding hidden armaments 
Newcomers don't go to church 


End tape